Similar to the working alliance, the perceived quality of the real relationship was related to using more methods to prepare the patients to the transition (r = .18, p < .05) and perceived positive patient experience (r = .24, p < .01). Age, years of clinical experience, number of patients seen weekly before the pandemic, previous video therapy experience, and views of video therapy before the pandemic were not associated with the perceived quality of alliance or the real relationship in online sessions.
Elite group thinking-question and you can anxiety
On average, therapists experienced professional self-doubt sometimes or frequently (M = 2.41, SD = .67, range: 1.11–4.78) in video therapy during the pandemic, which is higher than the level of self-doubt experienced by therapists in a prior naturalistic study of PSD (Nissen-Lie et al., 2013 ; t(136) = , p < .0001), but still on the lower end of the 5-point Likert scale. Therapists felt less competent (M = 2.28, SD = .52, range: 1.00–3.00) and less confident (M = 2.15, SD = .56, range: 1.00–3.00) about their professional skills during online compared to in-person sessions. Higher levels of reported professional self-doubt were related to several demographic variables, such as younger age (r = ?.34, p < .001), less clinical experience (r = ?.33, p < .001), and worse perceived patient experience (r = ?.36, p < .001).
Therapists’ anxiety about using video therapy was moderate (M = 2.87, S.D. = .86, range: 1.00–4.83). Similar to professional self-doubt, higher anxiety was associated with female gender (t(137) = 3.24, p < .05), younger age (r = ?.30, p < .001), less clinical experience (r = ?.36, p < .001), smaller number of patients before the pandemic (r = ?.18, p < .05), no previous experience with video therapy (t(138) = 3.63, p < .001), not being licensed yet (t(136) = 3.28, p < .001), perceiving patients as having a negative video therapy experience (r = .27, p < .001).
Overall in our sample, therapists reported somewhat positive attitudes towards video therapy (M = 3.42, SD = 0.50, range: 2.31–4.69). Although their views about video therapy had become more positive since the start of the pandemic (t(140) = 2.06, p < .05); they still thought that video therapy was somewhat less effective compared to in-person therapy (M = 2.19, SD = 0.65, range: 1.00–4.00).
Therapists who held more positive attitudes towards video therapy tended to have previous experience with video therapy (t(142) = 3.53, p < .05) and to have positive perceptions of their patients' online experience (r = .30, p < .001). Higher rated working alliance and real relationship were associated with more positive attitudes towards video therapy (r = ?.34, p < .001 and r = ?.40, p < .001, respectively) whereas professional self-doubt was associated with more negative attitudes (r = ?.34, p < .001).
The sample of therapists as a whole was undecided as to whether they would like to continue using video therapy in the future (i.e. expressed a neutral response on the UTUAT Behavior Intention subscale), with large differences among therapists (M = 3.14, SD = 1.23, range: 1.00–5.00). Therapists who intended to use video therapy in the future were more likely to have prior experience with video therapy (t(138) = 2.91, p < .01), and tended to have positive perceptions of their patients' online experience (r = .32, p < .001).
Discover Desk step 1 to have an overview of the fresh new correlations between your standardized strategies. Brand new relational, professional and you may tech-associated bills was in fact coordinated on the questioned advice. Especially, ratings to the genuine matchmaking and working alliance free Edmonton hookup app have been definitely correlated, and you can top-notch thinking-question and you may stress had been certainly about each other however, adversely on reported doing work alliance and you will real relationship, showing that practitioners which have low levels off elite group self-question and you will anxiety claimed a healthier performing alliance and you can genuine relationship with the on the web customers inside pandemic. The fresh new perceptions with the and you can intention to use videos cures throughout the coming have been positively of the reviews of your working alliance, and real matchmaking, and you can negatively linked to professional worry about-question and you will nervousness (see Table step one).
In today’s cross-sectional questionnaire data, i aimed to explore therapists’ feel off movies therapy after switching regarding in-individual movies sessions into the pandemic. So much more particularly, we checked out: 1) Counselor thinking of one’s therapeutic matchmaking (functioning alliance and you will actual dating) in films courses versus prior in-person treatment; 2) Counselor trust in top-notch competence (professional thinking-doubt) and you may knowledgeable nervousness linked to delivering video clips medication; 3) Specialist thinking to the video clips medication technical in general, plus intends to keep using movies treatment throughout the coming.
Into the introduce test, the interior surface imagine is actually Cronbach’s ? = .86. To assess the educated change in the genuine matchmaking while the change to video cures, the next items is added: “Compared to the for the-person classes, within my online classes new therapeutic relationship experienced … ” to be responded to your a good around three-point Likert size (1 = more genuine than in-individual, dos = the same, 3 = less authentic compared to-person).
Women reported higher working alliance in online sessions compared to men (t(137) = 2.18, p < .05), licensed practitioners reported higher alliance score than trainees (t(136) = 2.33, p < .05), and practitioners in North America (USA and Canada) compared to those in Europe (t(137) = 2.08, p < .05). Within the sample, higher online alliance was also reported by those who used a greater variety of methods (as opposed to fewer methods) to prepare patients for the transition (r = .26, p < .01), and those who perceived their patients' experience with video therapy more positively (as opposed to less positively) (r = .32, p < .001).